Moving into the winter agronomical season, we accept a accomplished new set of pests to accord with.
It is time to bulb the broccoli, cauliflower and added cabbage-related transplants in the raised-bed garden. If you accept buried transplants, you accept apparently already accomplished banknote loopers. They are the blooming caterpillars that eat the foliage of the plants, abrogation holes in the leaves.
Move bound to administer a Bt artefact such as Thuricide, Bio-Worm Killer, or Dipel to the foliage. Bt is a acquired of a bacilli that back captivated by a agriculture caterpillar it stops the agriculture and the dies. If you delay too long, the caterpillars will bound band a baby transplant.
There is a additional caterpillar alive on the transplants, as well. Cutworms appear from the arena and augment on the baby plants. The abate transplants such as those in 1.5-inch peat pots are abnormally accessible to cutworms.
Fertilize the backyard in aboriginal October with a “winterizer” blueprint such as 18-6-12. The nutrients from the abatement fertilization are important to accouterment winter assurance and a fast green-up in the spring. The appliance of the fertilizer will not activate winter backyard growth.
It is time to advance wildflower seeds. Select a armpit in abounding sun breadth the berry can accomplish acquaintance with the soil. That agency alienated fields with abysmal angular advance and/or sod. Raking the clay afore the berry is advance may enhance the formation rate, but it’s not necessary.
The abatement is an accomplished time to bulb copse and shrubs. Buried now they accept an befalling to advance a basis arrangement afore they charge face the summer heat. Baptize the new plants well, and awning the basis breadth with mulch.
Irises blossom best if they are attenuated out every three or four years. Replant the rhizomes 18 inches afar so that the top of the basis is akin with the arena surface. Distribute the added rhizomes to agronomical acquaintances who appetite a deer-proof, drought-tolerant, blooming groundcover for abounding sun.
They will eat foliage of continuing plants, but the best accepted accident is to cut bottomward the bulb at its base. Foliage-feeding cut worms will accede to Bt, but I accept accomplished added reliable ascendancy by spraying the clay and displace abject with malathion.
Another caterpillar is agriculture now on your Texas abundance laurel, the genista besom moth caterpillar, additionally accepted as the sophora caterpillar. The sophora caterpillar eats the foliage on the ends of the stems. On a ample complete plant, the accident is not a problem, but on adolescent or fatigued plants the caterpillars should be controlled with a Bt product.
It bothers me a bit to be advising the use of pesticides to ascendancy caterpillars and added insects back we are in the bosom of the abatement afoot visits by Monarch erflies, and there is so abundant action by swallowtails, queens, abysm fritillaries and added species. It is, of course, best for the collywobbles if we don’t aerosol any insecticides, but if we are accurate and ambition our sprays, accident to adorable collywobbles is minimal.
Controlling mosquitoes is abnormally arduous in agreement of its aftereffect on erflies. To assure bodies from diseases agitated by mosquitoes, authoritative the insects is about essential.
Perform added ascendancy activities, such as eliminating the continuing baptize first, and again absolute spraying to wet, blubbery foliage or added places breadth there is affirmation of apartment mosquitoes. If you accept an alert mother or adolescent accouchement in the household, it may be best to advise with a annoyance ascendancy close with a acceptability for ecology acquaintance and appear up with an able and environmentally adapted aerosol program.
The rain has angry the advance of abundant weeds everywhere, which will access the cardinal of slugs and snails. They will augment on zinnias, primula, cole crops and added plants in the winter garden.
Control them by applying a bang and snail allurement about the garden areas. Beer accessories are a additional option. Sink a artificial cup every 2 anxiety in the garden so that its lip is at arena level. Half-fill the cup with beer, and the slugs, snails and us bugs will ample the cup up.
The pests are not careful about the cast of the beer, and they will alike acknowledge to dried beer. Back the cup is abounding of asleep slugs and snails, abandoned them out and bushing the cup.
There accept been abundant letters of calibration and abject bugs on citrus, peaches, euonymus and alike hollies. The insects blot the juices from the host plant. A few calibration or abject bugs will not about be a above botheration for the host plant, but if they become blubbery on the stems and trunks, they can bankrupt the plants nutrients and account decline.
The accepted way to ascendancy calibration and abject bugs is to administer abeyant oil. The analysis eventually suffocates the insects. Administer the oil in a summer mix for beloved plants. Follow characterization instructions. It additionally helps to scrape some of the calibration and abject bugs off the adulterated plant.
If you appetite added advice about alluring birds and collywobbles to your landscape, there are two chargeless programs advancing up. From 5 to 6:30 p.m. Tuesday, Mark Prange at 5007 E. Beverly Mae in Dreamhill Estates a the South Texas Medical Center will host a bout of his erfly garden. I will be there to acknowledgment any questions that visitors accept about the Garden and the collywobbles that it attracts.
At 9:30 a.m. Oct. 6, I will accomplish a presentation, Agronomical to Attract Birds and Butterflies, at Birds Unlimited at 14602 Huebner Road in the Olmos Creek Shopping Center.
Calvin Finch is a retired Texas A&M horticulturist. [email protected]
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