With hay on every corner, and 2016 hay account essentially high, producers charge to booty every befalling to bazaar their hay to abeyant customers.
Forages for hay assembly will abide to rank at the top in agreement of agronomics assets for crops in Wise County. Therefore, with the aerial costs of production, it’s added important to put up a aerial affection array of hay in adjustment to accomplish anniversary cruise beyond the acreage count.
The Wise Canton Hay Appearance and hay assembly dispensary is Thursday, Sept. 7, at the Wise Canton Fairgrounds, but entries are due at the Extension appointment by Aug. 18.
Registration for the accident is 9 to 10 a.m. There is no amount to attend, and cafeteria will be provided by McMaster, Ag Power, Zimmerer Kubota and Hendershot Equipment. Participants will accept two continuing apprenticeship units for face-lifting of their pesticide applicator license.
Following lunch, hay entries, provided by hay appearance participants, will be auctioned to account the adolescence accommodating in the Wise Canton Adolescence Fair.
This year Eddie Funderburg with the Noble Foundation will allocution about what it takes to accession affection hay. Funderburg serves as a chief soils and crops adviser in the ambassador relations program. He aing the Noble Assay Institute in 2000.
Funderburg has ample acquaintance in agriculture, including edger control, clay testing, clay fertility, fertilization of beat crops and bigger affirmation management. He has conducted abundant activated assay projects analytical herbicides, fertilizer rates, sources, timing and clay assay calibration.
Specialists from John Deere and Ford New Holland, Kubota and Case will altercate and authenticate abettor techniques with new accessories and how that affects array affection of the beat actuality grown.
HAY SHOW RULES
Official access forms and hay samples will be accustomed at the Wise Canton Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Office, 206 S. State St., in Decatur until Friday, Aug. 18. If participants charge a amount adornment to cull samples, there is one accessible at the Extension office.
Entry fee is $20 per sample, which includes the lab fee for hay analysis. Producers may access a best of two entries per category.
Categories include: 1. balmy division abiding grasses (cuttings), 2. air-conditioned division anniversary grasses, 3. balmy division anniversary grasses, 4. balmy or air-conditioned legumes.
Hay will be advised and ranked in anniversary category.
It will be advised by actinic account as follows:
% awkward protein (100 – % ADF). EXAMPLE: 20% awkward protein hay with 25% ADF = 20 (100 – 25) = 95
Hay entered in the Wise Canton Hay Appearance charge accept been produced in Wise Canton or by a ambassador who lives in Wise County. Hay Appearance after-effects will be appear at the hay affairs and cafeteria Sept. 7.
Each adviser is encouraged to bear a adumbrative sample of anniversary access Sept. 6 or the morning of Sept. 7 afore 9:30. (Call the Extension appointment at 940-627-3341 to set up a declivity time.)
By announcement the entries, it will enhance the educational action of the Hay Appearance and beat program. Anniversary ambassador is additionally asked to accord at atomic one array (one baby aboveboard array or one ample annular bale) to the Wise Canton Livestock and Beat Committee to be auctioned during the lunch.
All gain from the bargain will be donated to the Wise Canton Adolescence Fair.
Call the Extension appointment by apex Tuesday, Sept. 1, to pre-register for an authentic meal count.
FALL ARMYWORMS ARE HERE
There has been an beginning of armyworms beyond the canton this accomplished week. Scout fields immediately. The afterward will adviser you through the process.
The abatement armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, is a accepted annoyance of bermudagrass, sorghum, corn, aureate and rye grass and abounding added crops in North and Central Texas. Larvae of abatement armyworms are green, amber or atramentous with white to bare curve alive from arch to tail. A audible white band amid the eyes forms an astern “Y” arrangement on the face. Four atramentous spots accumbent in a aboveboard on the top of the articulation a the aback end of the caterpillar are additionally appropriate of abatement armyworm.
Armyworms are actual baby (1/8 inch) at first, account little bulb accident and as a aftereffect infestations generally go unnoticed. Larvae augment for two to three weeks, and abounding developed larvae are about 1 to 1-1/2 inches long. Given their immense appetite, abundant numbers and boot ability, abatement armyworms can accident absolute fields or pastures in a few days.
Once the armyworm larva completes feeding, it tunnels into the clay to a abyss of about an inch and enters the pupal stage. The armyworm moth emerges from the pupa in about 10 canicule and repeats the activity cycle.
The abatement armyworm moth has a wingspan of about 1-1/2 inches. The advanced brace of wings is aphotic gray with an aberrant arrangement of ablaze and aphotic areas. Moths are alive at night back they augment on ambrosia and drop egg masses. A distinct changeable can drop up to 2,000 eggs, and there are four to bristles ancestors per year. The abatement armyworm allegedly does not overwinter in North Texas but survives the winter in South Texas. Populations access in South Texas in aboriginal spring, and alternating ancestors move arctic as the division progresses.
Fall armyworm outbreaks in pastures and hay fields generally action afterward a rain, which allegedly creates favorable altitude for eggs and baby larvae to survive in ample numbers. Hay fields with a close awning and alive bulb advance are generally added affected to armyworm infestations than beneath acutely fertilized and managed fields.
Irrigated fields are additionally affected to abatement armyworm infestations, abnormally during aridity conditions. Additionally adviser advance aureate and angular grasses in ditches and about fields, which may be a antecedent of armyworms that can move into the adjoining crop.
Look for abatement armyworm larvae agriculture in the crop awning during the backward black and aboriginal morning and during cool, blurred weather. During hot days, attending for armyworms low in the awning or alike on the clay apparent breadth they adumbrate beneath apart clay and collapsed leaves.
A ambit net is actual able for sampling hay fields for abatement armyworms. Back fields are wet with dew, armyworms can stick on elastic boots beat while walking through the field. Baby larvae bite the blooming band from the leaves and leave a allowance or “window pane” aftereffect and after cleft the edges of leaves.
The key to managing abatement armyworms is common analysis of fields to ascertain abatement armyworm infestations afore they accept acquired bread-and-er damage. Once larvae are greater than 3/4-inch long, the abundance of foliage they eat increases dramatically. During their final two to three canicule of feeding, armyworms absorb 80 percent of the absolute foliage captivated during their absolute development.
The body of armyworms that justifies insecticide analysis depends on the date of crop advance and amount of the crop.
Seedling plants can abide beneath armyworms than accustomed plants. Infestations of added than two to three armyworms (1/2-inch or longer) per aboveboard bottom may absolve an insecticide application. If practical, administer insecticides aboriginal in the morning or backward in the black back armyworm larvae are best alive and therefore, best acceptable to appear into acquaintance with the insecticide spray. If the acreage is a harvest, an aboriginal harvest, rather than an insecticide treatment, is an option.
Parasitic wasps and flies, arena beetles and insect bacilli advice aish armyworm numbers. However, these accustomed enemies can be afflicted back ample numbers of brief moths move into an breadth and acclimate altitude favor aerial adaptation of eggs and larvae.
A account of labeled insecticides for armyworm ascendancy in pastures and hayfields are Karate Z, Lambda-Cy, Mustang Max, Tombstone Helios, Warrior II, Baythroid XL, Dimilin 2L, Prevathon, Besiege, Sevin 4F, Sevin XLR, Sevin 80S, Generic Carbaryl, Malathion, Intrepid 2F and Tracer.
For abundant advice on anniversary of the herbicides, you can alarm the Extension office. Always apprehend and chase all characterization instructions on pesticide use and restrictions.
The advice aloft is provided for educational purposes only. Apprehend the accepted characterization afore use.
Todd Vineyard is a Wise Canton Extension agent.
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