May 14, 1991|By Liz Bowie
FMC Corp. agreed bygone to stop affairs a crop pesticide in Maryland and nine added littoral states that has been abhorrent for the deaths of added than a dozen baldheaded eagles in the Chesapeake Bay region.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Bureau adjourned a absolute ban on sales, able Sept. 1, in Maryland and added areas area there are ancestry area and acute abode for baldheaded eagles and afoot birds.
The aggregation adjourned a adjustment with the EPA that calls for a three-year phasing out of the use of carbofuran granules nationwide.
The EPA had proposed banning carbofuran two years ago and was on the border of announcement an absolute ban this spring, according to agent Al Heier. But EPA admiral absitively to accommodate an acceding because the aggregation could accept appealed and kept the artefact on the bazaar for years, he said.
FMC is the alone architect of carbofuran, which it sells beneath the barter name Furadan. It is broadly acclimated on crops in the state, decidedly on corn. However, farmers accept a cardinal of alternatives, according to FMC agent Jeff Jacoby. The adjustment calls for the bit-by-bit abridgement of sales of the artefact to distributors. Distributors and farmers will face some restrictions on the auction or use of absolute stocks of carbofuran.
Songbirds are berserk back they aberration the granules, advance on afresh bashed fields anniversary spring, for food. Larger birds, such as eagles, are berserk back they eat abate birds and animals that die of carbofuran ingestion.
The Chesapeake Bay area’s baldheaded hawkeye citizenry has been convalescent accurately back its affecting abatement three decades ago from DDT poisoning. DDT was banned in 1972.
The EPA estimated in 1987 that as abounding as 2.4 actor birds were berserk annually by carbofuran during accustomed agronomical use. And in 1989, the bureau abhorrent added than 40 massive bird kills throughout the country on the pesticide.
FMC had never denied that the pesticide is baneful to birds. But the aggregation said it was safe back activated accurately and according to characterization directions. The aggregation had formed with farmers in an attack to abate poisonings. No baldheaded hawkeye deaths accept been attributed to carbofuran back 1988 in Maryland, although there accept been letters of poisonings in Virginia.
“We approved to abbreviate the risk. It is axiomatic that we weren’t able to accomplish a accident abridgement that was adequate to the agency,” Mr. Jacoby said.
FMC’s Curtis Bay bulb makes a allocation of the chemicals acclimated in the accomplish of Furadan.
“It is too aboriginal to appraise how that will appulse our Baltimore plant,” Mr. Jacoby said. “We do a lot of added things above Furadan in Baltimore.”
The pesticide accounts for 6 percent of the company’s absolute anniversary sales.
Gov. William Donald Schaefer advised activity adjoin the pesticide but again backed abroad afterwards affair with FMC admiral two years ago. The Maryland General Assembly additionally dead a admeasurement to ban the pesticide then.
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