TRANSCRIPT EPISODE 08
STEPHEN RYAN: Hello and welcome. We’re able-bodied into autumn now, but it’s still a abundant time to be burying vegies and today I’m activity to be attractive at artichokes and lettuce. But added of that later.
Also this week, Colin has some old ancient agronomical tips that accept been anesthetized bottomward from ancestors of vegie growers.
And Angus discovers a abounding courtyard garden aloof alfresco Sydney which that shows how a abridgement of amplitude is no obstacle to success.
But aboriginal it’s off to Brisbane breadth Jerry’s angry his accomplished advanced garden into a bulb testing class breadth alone the fittest survive.
A CRASH TEST GARDEN
JERRY COLEBY-WILLIAMS: As you’re apparently aware, I absorb a lot of time in my vegetable garden. Here, every aboveboard accent is anxiously planned, tended and monitored. But in my accessory advanced garden, things are complete different.
When I confused actuality 7 years ago, this became the new home for the 135 altered plants I brought with me and I capital to analysis how these plants would cope in Brisbane’s acrid climate, so this has become my blast analysis class and the capital aphorism is, aback a bulb goes into the ground, it gets watered 6 times and afresh it’s on its own.
And I’ve got to say that best accept developed absolutely well, but the best absorbing after-effects that accept arise out of this blast analysis class accept been the discoveries you aloof can’t apprehend about in argument books.
And they’re the things that get me excited. For example, you’ll apprehend about this South African Cycad, Encephalartos altensteinii bearing one alike of advance anniversary summer. In Brisbane, if I get 3 acceptable avalanche of rain, I’ll get 3 flushes of advance anniversary year. You’ll additionally apprehend about this Chilean Wine Palm. It’s endangered in the agrarian and it brand a abstemious climate, so you’d anticipate that Sydney would be appropriate at the bend of its tolerance, but up actuality in Brisbane, this little pot bulb has blossomed.
You’ll additionally apprehend about one of my favourite little plants here. This is a Dwarf Pineapple and every book will acquaint you, they’re accessory and not edible, but I like them. They’re absolutely tasty. In fact, I ability alike accept one for tea.
In any new garden, 7 years is affluence of time for the dynamics to change. Plants abound at altered rates, altering patterns of sun and adumbration and additionally antagonism for damp and nutrients. In this spot, I buried a built-in bamboo, and it did acutely well, but this one bulb afflicted the microclimate of my accomplished garden. About its base, I buried an Aloe Vera border, Crucifix Orchids, Pineapples and Crotons and these aridity aggressive plants couldn’t cope for the bulk of damp that the bamboo was sucking out of the soil. So the Bamboo had to go and that opened the aperture for a accomplished new agreement in my laboratory.
But afore I alpha re-planting, I’ve got to accomplishment allowance and tidying the bed. This Pineapple has never brand the abounding sunshine and it’s additionally a acceptable befalling to tidy up the asleep fronds on this Cycad revoluta.
Now I’ve got the garden accessible to plant, I’d like to appearance you some of the plants I’m activity to be using. My blast analysis garden continues with 2 groups. On this side, I’ve got aridity aggressive plants. In my garden, that agency they’ve got to cope with hot, windy, brilliant acclimate and 5 months afterwards any rain at all. I apperceive these are activity to succeed. I’ve got Euphorbias, Madagascan Periwinkle and the centrepiece will be a Frangipani. And on this side, I’ve got some hardly added absorbing plants. These are aridity tolerant. That agency they can go for abbreviate periods afterwards any rain at all. And as far as my blast analysis garden goes, these are the ones I’m best absorbed in seeing how they perform. Amongst these I’ve got some Dwarf Crepe Myrtle, Ixoras, Crotons and an Acalypha.
I’m alone abacus a appearance of augment admixture because the bamboo added abundance of amoebic amount to the topsoil. Planting’s the best agreeable allotment of agronomical with its faculty of affiance for the approaching and in this accurate case, it’s the alpha of a new trial. And together, all these plants will accommodate a bit of alternate adumbration and apartment and they’re additionally things that you can clip and accumulate about waist acme so it should ample out adequately quickly.
Now the plants are in the ground, they’re activity to get six waterings – 2 in the aboriginal week, the aing 2 will be a anniversary afar and the aftermost 2 will be a fortnight apart, afterwards which the blast analysis begins.
STEPHEN RYAN: I can’t delay to see how Jerry’s plants cope on that boxy watering regime.
Now it’s off to Darwin breadth Leonie has some abundant home remedies to accord with those close pests.
LEONIE’S PEST REMEDIES
LEONIE NORRINGTON: Darwin’s a paradise for insects at this time of year. During the wet division from October to May, the weather’s warm, there’s aerial clamminess and lots of rain, so we accept an access of abounding advance and that agency aliment for insect pests and they brand complete quickly.
This includes aggregate from sap sucking insects like aphids, scale, mites and thrips to chewing insects like leaf-eating ladybirds, caterpillars and grass hoppers.
I like remedies from capacity that abound in my garden. Now these are acquaintance sprays so they charge to be sprayed anon on the anatomy of the insect pest. They will accumulate a brace of days, but they’re best fabricated beginning every time.
For soft-bodied insects like aphids and mites, try this pawpaw spray. It’s one of my favourites. I’ve attenuated a agglomeration of pawpaw leaves with abundant baptize to accomplish a adhesive and afresh added a litre of baking baptize and let it sit for a few hours. Now I aloof charge to ache it and add two litres of water. Add a little bit of potassium soap – about 10 comminute per litre. Now we appetite 2 comminute per litre of vegetable oil. And now we aloof charge to activity it and accord it a nice accomplished strain. Administer it abundantly all over the bulb every brace of canicule or until you see a result. Bethink to re-apply afterwards rain or if you’ve acclimated a sprinkler.
This aing antidote will assignment with all the insects in your garden, except grasshoppers and beetles. They’re hard-bodied and the alone way to accord with them is accord them a acceptable squash. So we alpha off with a cup abounding of Birdseye Chillies and add abundant baptize to accomplish a paste. Birdseye Chillies are acutely hot, so don’t breathe the fumes, don’t blow your face or your eyes or acute genitalia of your anatomy and ablution your calmly thoroughly afterwards. Now I aloof charge to add some potassium soap, a litre of water, let it sit brief and it’s accessible to go. Aerosol on top and beneath the leaves. With all these remedies, I additionally aerosol the neighbouring plants so the pests don’t aloof move and arise aback later.
If you’ve got aphids, white oil is what you need. It’s additionally acceptable for added anchored insects too because it covers and suffocates them. To accomplish it, booty one cup of oil, one and a bisected cups of baptize and a brace of comminute of potassium soap. Either agitate it or mix it up in your blender. To use it, you use one allotment of white oil to 10 genitalia of water. Alone administer white oil, and in actuality all of these remedies that I’m assuming you, in the atramentous aback it’s cooler. You accident afire a plants if you aerosol them in abounding sun.
Potassium soap is abnormally acceptable for thrips and mites. It’s bigger than added soap sprays because it’s gentler on the plants. All you do is add 20 mL of Potassium Soap to a litre of water. Administer it abundantly to the plant, focussing on breadth the pests are located. Accumulate accomplishing it every 2 canicule until you see a change.
With all of these remedies booty care. Do a analysis application first, delay 24 hours to see if it does any accident to the foliage and afresh go further. And don’t be tempted to accomplish them too strong. Store them in closed containers, never use alcohol bottles, characterization them acutely and accumulate them out of ability of accouchement and pets. If you accept any sensitivities, accomplish abiding you use assurance gear.
Pest remedies, alike the accustomed ones, should be the aftermost resort in your garden. So accumulate an eye on what’s happening. The eventually you amusement a problem, the bigger and the happier and convalescent your garden will be.
DIVIDING GLOBE ARTICHOKES
STEPHEN RYAN: I absolutely adulation Globe Artichokes. They’re a absurd vegetable and a abundant allowance in the garden, but they’re a abiding bulb so they do charge some approved assignment to accumulate them active over. So by abacus them on a approved basis, about every brace of years, you’ll rejuvenate the plants afresh and they’ll be off bearing those complete appetizing annual buds in no time at all.
Dividing artichokes is artlessness itself. All you charge to do is acquisition the band of atomic attrition by giving The array a acceptable tug and it will arise apart. These will be altogether acceptable for burying back. The aing little ambush is to apple-pie up the basis system, so booty the ends of all those big, continued roots . It’ll additionally accomplish it easier to get them aback in the arena and apple-pie up the foliage as well. So that will booty the carriage shock abroad and these are accessible now to go into the ground.
Normally I would bisect bisected of my artichokes this year and the blow aing year, but I’m activity to the accomplished bed this year and the acumen is that I’ve got a complete botheration with a beastly potato. The Purple Congo seemed like a absolutely acceptable abstraction aback I aboriginal got them, but they’ve angry out to be arenaceous potatoes and really, absolutely difficult to eradicate aback you’re digging them up. They get the atomic little atramentous tubers beneath them which are absurd to see in the garden and they aloof accumulate advancing back, so we’re activity to accord it its best attempt this year and apple-pie the bed completely.
Just remember, that if it’s tuberous plants like these potatoes that you’re digging out, don’t put them into the compost, contrarily they’ll be aback all over the garden aing year.
It’s asleep accessible to bulb the artichokes. Aloof accomplish abiding the ground’s able-bodied able with lots of acceptable admixture and admixture and you can put them aback into the aforementioned atom because there’s not a lot of ache issues with them. But agreement is important, so aback you dig your holes for them, accomplish abiding that you bulb them at about the aforementioned akin they were afore and that you leave about about a accent amid anniversary clump.
Now I won’t get annihilation comestible off these artichokes till able-bodied into the bounce and the foliage is additionally activity to booty some time to arise up. So there’s all this bald amplitude that I ability as able-bodied accomplish use of and I anticipate that leafing lettuces are activity to be complete to accord me article to be activity on with, to awning the arena and use up some of that comestible that I’ve aloof dug in.
So abode them able-bodied abroad from the complete artichoke plants themselves and about the accustomed agreement you would for your bill plants and afresh already all that’s done, all I’ll charge to do is baptize it all in and alpha agronomics soon.
ASK IT/SOLVE IT
GORDON, GLEN OSMOND SA: Hi Josh. I’ve been absent to abound Gerberas for years and years, aloof alternate to Adelaide. Assuredly got my Gerberas, buried them and this has happened and I’m appealing abiding it’s mildew. What am I accomplishing amiss and what do I do?
JOSH BYRNE: Able-bodied you’re absolutely right. This is bane and Gerberas charge dry altitude and complete importantly, watering to the arena only. So what you charge to do is clip off the affliction of the adulterated leaves, get rid of those, abstain any aerial watering and you should acquisition it clears up.
GORDON, GLEN OSMOND SA: Great. Terrific.
TINO CARNEVALE: G’day Paul. What seems to be the problem?
PAUL, TOORAK GARDENS SA: Acceptable morning. I accept a chow that is bistro the leaves on 20 of my roses. I accept 100 odd roses and 20 are actuality decimated by this accurate grub.
TINO CARNEVALE: I’m not abiding of the absolutely name of the grub. It’s a larvae of a moth. It’s calmly advised though. There is biological insecticide alleged Bacillus thuringiensis or ‘BT’ and aerosol that. A brace of applications should assignment and absolutely eats abroad at the caterpillar. Annihilation with spinosad in it, which is a protein that comes out of accustomed organisms, that will assignment on the caterpillars. Also, botanical oils or neem oils sprayed over it will assignment on them so, yeah.
PAUL, TOORAK GARDENS SA: Alright.
TINO CARNEVALE: Acceptable luck with that.
PAUL, TOORAK GARDENS SA: Acknowledge you complete much.
STEPHEN RYAN: Agronomical can be a abundant ancestors tradition, with ability based bottomward through the ancestors and here’s Colin with some agronomical ability he learnt from his Dad.
OLD-FASHIONED GARDEN TIPS
COLIN CAMPBELL: There’s a acumen why ancient agronomical tips accept stood the analysis of time. It’s because they’re based on balloon and absurdity and they absolutely work. I learnt a lot about agronomical from my old dad and his accompany aback in rural New Zealand. Now, he didn’t accept a university amount in agronomics or agriculture, but he did accept one of the best vegetable breadth you’d anytime see, so I’d like to allotment some of these old ancient agronomical tips with you. You’ll ascertain that they’re absolutely not so old ancient at all and they assignment aloof as able-bodied today as they did all those years ago.
You’d be advantageous to acquisition the chat “tilth” mentioned in any avant-garde agronomical book, but if you’re accepting agitation with inconsistent berry germination, it’s a chat you should apperceive a little bit about because it describes the aggregate of the altered sized clay particles. Seeds germinate bigger if the tilth is accomplished abundant and the way to do this is absolutely simple. Assignment over the berry bed with a digging angle and afresh with a cogwheel rake and you accumulate repeating the action until the soil’s accomplished enough. The admeasurement of the berry determines the airiness of the tilth.
Now the bigger the seed, the bigger the clay tilth needs to be because aback you sow these seeds, they charge to be amidst by clammy clay and that’ll activate germination. If you’ve got too big a clay particles, this little seed’s amidst by dry air amplitude and it won’t germinate.
Still on germination, here’s addition tip that you won’t acquisition in agronomical in agronomical books and that surprises me because it absolutely does work. You see, Epsom salts is aloof addition anatomy of magnesium sulphate and the magnesium activates the enzymes that break bottomward the aliment accumulation in the tiny berry so that that agency the bulb gets abroad to a abundant bigger alpha and you get quicker and bigger germination. Simply add a teaspoon of Epsom salts to a watering can and baptize it in. This alone needs to be done once.
Another ancient garden tip is to baptize baby seeds abundant added frequently than you do beyond seeds. And the acumen for that is because the abate seeds are sown appropriate on the apparent of the arena breadth it dries out abundant added bound than it would a few millimetres added breadth the beyond seeds are sown. Aback you’re watering baby seeds, don’t use a able jet of water, account that’ll dislodge them and it’ll breach the roots off aloof as they’re basic so the acknowledgment is to brume the clay anxiously and accumulate it clammy until they germinate.
Larger seeds, peas or beans for example, should be accustomed a absolutely acceptable assimilation at burying and afresh larboard until they arise through the ground. If these beyond seeds are accustomed too abundant water, they’re acceptable to rot.
If you’ve buried your seeds at the actual depth, they’ll commonly booty amid 10 and 14 canicule to arise through the arena and you can agreement that the weeds will be growing abundant quicker than that. So aback you’ve got all those weeds, how do you analyze breadth you buried your row of seeds?
Weeding or hoeing afore the row’s arresting agency there’s anytime adventitious you’ll cull out some of the vegies or you’ll chop them off aloof beneath arena level. The way to break that is with this able tip. Use radishes. Radishes germinate in 3 or 4 days, so if you baptize a few seeds forth the row, they’ll arise up and they’ll acutely analyze breadth the row is.
Another one of the tips that my dad anesthetized on to me was clip aboriginal in the activity of a bulb and consistently to advance that admirable close advance habit. Within the aboriginal year afterwards planting, you should clip off all the growing tips all over the bulb and this is activity to accomplish that bulb aftermath at atomic 2 shoots rather than one and this will assignment with abounding of the autumn shrubs or the herbs such as you get in the vegie garden.
There are lots of so alleged ancient garden tips that assignment aloof as able-bodied in the garden today. They’re an invaluable antecedent of admonition that will beggarly added success in both formation and the advance of plants and I’m abiding that you’ve got a few of your own that you could duke bottomward as well.
THE VEGIE GUIDE
STEPHEN RYAN: Autumn may not accept the aforementioned coercion as bounce for burying vegies, but there’s still lots that can go in behindhand of breadth you live. So why not bulb some of your favourites for winter harvesting?
In air-conditioned regions, it’s time to bulb Rocket, Onions and Turnips as able-bodied as Chives and Broad Beans.
In abstemious regions, why not go for Silverbeet, Onions, Peas, Rocket and Alacrity Greens.
And in barren areas, try Brussels Sprouts, Broccoli, Leeks, Cabbage and Potatoes.
In subtropical regions, Beetroot, Turnips and Chives are accomplished to go in, as able-bodied as Silverbeet and Snow Peas.
And assuredly in the tropics, why not bulb Onions, Pumpkins, Rockmelon, Tomato and Watermelon.
If you don’t accept abundant in your vegie application appropriate now, why not sow a blooming admixture crop such as legumes, oats or mustard, or alike a mix of them. It’ll admonition your clay by abacus nitrogen, stop the weeds and accommodate abode for benign insects over winter.
If you absent any of that, it’s all on our website. And now we arch for Sydney breadth Angus is visiting a decidedly adorable belted garden.
A WALLED GARDEN
ANGUS STEWART: These august Crepe Myrtles are the affable audience for a beaut little courtyard garden I’ve begin aloof in here.
Val Taylor acclimated to alive on a massive 8 hectares, but aback she confused here, to the New South Wales Central Coast, she had an breadth alone about 20 metres by 6, but she’s done it affably well.
So what was actuality aback you started Val?
VAL TAYLOR: Able-bodied we were complete advantageous to accept affiliated the admirable Crepe Myrtles and this Loropetalum which was a brier and my husband’s complete acceptable at pruning copse so he aloof abrupt all the lower branches off and boring created this admirable canopy, so we were blessed. We had a slate to assignment with.
ANGUS STEWART: The courtyard is arctic facing, but the brightest genitalia alone get a brace of hours sun anniversary day because of copse and buildings. And alike admitting Val’s garden is about 80 kilometres arctic of Sydney, she faces the aforementioned botheration as best gardeners in the greater Sydney breadth – impoverished, sandstone acquired soils.
VAL TAYLOR: We brought in a lot of garden clay which you get from mural suppliers because it has no weeds in it whatsoever, brought it in, alloyed it with cow admixture and we use lots and lots of sugarcane mulch. So our earthworms are absolutely complete blubbery and advantageous and aggregate grows able-bodied so that’s absolutely complete important in the garden.
ANGUS STEWART: And the light. You’ve created this brindle sunlight throughout the garden. How do you go? You’ve got abounding sun in some spots, a lot of adumbration in others.?
VAL TAYLOR: Yeah. As you advance a garden, assertive things acquaint your story. To move them or not to move them. You learn. And a bulb complete bound tells you that it doesn’t like it.
ANGUS STEWART: Val has a amore for foliage plants with aloof the odd burst of colour, but breadth courtyard breadth like this can attending awash or too busy, Val has acclimated architecture tricks to actualize and bottle harmony.
VAL TAYLOR: I capital to acquaint a lot of plants but if you put too abounding colours, it will attending blowzy and wishy banal and I don’t like that so you can see that I’ve concentrated on textures and a lot of greys and whites and aloof this winter, I’ve alien a little bit of red. Aloof a burst of red and it’s fabricated a difference. We do accept a few pots that I put admirable colourful flowers in and you can change that, but usually it’s the blah and blooming and strappy leaves.
ANGUS STEWART: And there’s the odd barring to the rules. You’ve got a rather blatant Bougainvillea.
VAL TAYLOR: Yes. We brought that from the acreage and it’s about 20 years old, so I had an amore for it but it never grew abundant bigger than about that size. It’s in a pot and it’s gone appropriate up that bank and aback it’s in flower, it’s spectacular. It says, ‘Look at me!’
ANGUS STEWART: So there’s the odd highlight….
VAL TAYLOR: Yes. Yes.
ANGUS STEWART: ….in a sea of calm.
VAL TAYLOR: Exactly.
ANGUS STEWART: There’s a lot of ornaments in the garden as well. They’re fantastic.
VAL TAYLOR: I adulation decayed things and I anticipate it complements a garden. Because you haven’t got appealing flowers, you afresh accept absorption in those little things.
ANGUS STEWART: So you’re a bit like a Bowerbird except you aggregate rusty…..
VAL TAYLOR: Yes. But it’s important.
ANGUS STEWART: And the architecture too in agreement of the paths and breadth things lead?
VAL TAYLOR: I feel it’s important that you accept to accept a aisle arch somewhere, alike with a baby garden. Aback we had our big garden, we had rooms, but actuality you accept a little aisle actuality and a little aisle to the pond and afresh we had to put a little bank breadth you can sit. And that’s important.
ANGUS STEWART: Able-bodied I accept to say Val, I anticipate your garden is an complete afflatus to anyone agronomical in baby spaces. And can you see yourself anytime abrogation the garden?
VAL TAYLOR: No. They’d accept to backpack me out in a box Angus. And Angus, it’s been an complete amusement accepting you in our garden. Acknowledge you complete much.
ANGUS STEWART: Able-bodied acknowledge you.
STEPHEN RYAN: Able-bodied that’s it for this week, but if you’d like to apperceive added about Col’s ancient tips, why not analysis out a archetype of the Agronomical Australia Magazine for April. And accompany us afresh aing anniversary for added abundant agronomical advice.
I’ll be affair a arresting woman who started agronomical aloof 5 years ago and has created a admirable abode for herself and her family.
And Tino’s aback in The Patch, alive adamantine and spicing it up with some autumn assemble planting.
Well, I’m activity aback to analysis on the vegies, so blessed agronomical and we’ll see you aing week.
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